Deploy the current project to remote host(s).


$ tomo deploy [--dry-run] [options]

Sequentially run the deploy list of tasks specified in .tomo/config.rb to deploy the project to a remote host. In practice, a deploy will usually consist of the following steps:

  1. Create a release (using the git:create_release task)
  2. Build the project (e.g. bundler:install, rails:assets_precompile)
  3. Migrate data to the meet the requirements of the new release (e.g. rails:db_migrate)
  4. Make the new release the “current” one (core:symlink_current)
  5. Restart the app to use the new current release (e.g. puma:restart)
  6. Perform any cleanup (e.g. bundler:clean)

During a deploy, tomo will initialize the :release_path setting based on the current date and time (e.g. /var/www/my-app/releases/20190616214752). Any tasks that copy files into a release (git:create_release), or run inside the release (bundler:install, rails:assets_precompile, rails:db_migrate, etc.) will operate using this path. As a result, every tomo deploy will create a new entry in the releases directory, and the current symlink will point to the release that is currently active, i.e. the most recent successful deploy.

The directory structure on the remote host looks like this:

├── git_repo/
├── releases/
|   ├── 20190614192115/
|   ├── 20190615034736/
|   └── 20190616214752/
├── shared/
|   ├── bundle/
|   ├── log/
|   ├── node_modules/
|   └── public/
|       └── assets/
├── current -> /var/www/my-app/releases/20190616214752
└── revisions.log

This structure is customizable; see the core plugin settings for details.


Option Purpose
-e ENVIRONMENT, --environment ENVIRONMENT If the configuration contains multiple environments, specify the ENVIRONMENT that should be used (e.g. production). The host(s) and settings can be different per environment.
-s NAME=VALUE, --setting NAME=VALUE Override the setting NAME with the given VALUE. Refer to the settings overrides documentation for a detailed explanation.
--[no-]dry-run Simulate running tasks instead of using real SSH.
-c PATH, --config PATH Override the PATH where the configuration file is loaded from. (Default: .tomo/config.rb).
--[no-]color By default, tomo automatically determines whether to use color output based on the capabilities of the terminal. Use this option to override this behavior and force tomo to enable or disable color output.
--[no-]debug Enables verbose logging output that is helpful for troubleshooting. This includes runtime information such as the environment variables on the remote host and all tomo settings. Each SSH command executed by tomo is also logged in detail.
--[no-]trace Normally if a tomo command fails, a concise and helpful error message is printed. If --trace is specified, tomo will also print the full backtrace.
-h, --help Prints the help for this tomo command, similar to what you see on this page.


Given the following configuration:

host "deployer@localhost", port: 32809

deploy do
  run "env:update"
  run "git:create_release"
  run "core:symlink_shared"
  run "core:write_release_json"
  run "bundler:install"
  run "rails:db_migrate"
  run "rails:db_seed"
  run "rails:assets_precompile"
  run "core:symlink_current"
  run "puma:restart"
  run "core:clean_releases"
  run "bundler:clean"
  run "core:log_revision"

Then a deploy would produce:

$ tomo deploy
tomo deploy v0.1.0
→ Connecting to deployer@localhost:32809
• env:update
• git:create_release
Writing 60 bytes to /var/www/rails-new/git_repo/info/attributes
cd /var/www/rails-new/git_repo && export GIT_SSH_COMMAND=ssh\ -o\ PasswordAuthentication\=no\ -o\ StrictHostKeyChecking\=no && git remote update --prune
Fetching origin
cd /var/www/rails-new/git_repo && mkdir -p /var/www/rails-new/releases/20190616214752
cd /var/www/rails-new/git_repo && export GIT_SSH_COMMAND=ssh\ -o\ PasswordAuthentication\=no\ -o\ StrictHostKeyChecking\=no && git archive master | tar -x -f - -C /var/www/rails-new/releases/20190616214752
cd /var/www/rails-new/git_repo && export GIT_SSH_COMMAND=ssh\ -o\ PasswordAuthentication\=no\ -o\ StrictHostKeyChecking\=no && git log -n1 --date=iso --pretty=format:"%H/%cd/%ae" master
• core:symlink_shared
mkdir -p /var/www/rails-new/shared/.bundle /var/www/rails-new/shared/log /var/www/rails-new/shared/node_modules /var/www/rails-new/shared/public/assets /var/www/rails-new/releases/20190616214752/public
cd /var/www/rails-new/releases/20190616214752 && rm -rf .bundle log node_modules public/assets
ln -sf /var/www/rails-new/shared/.bundle /var/www/rails-new/releases/20190616214752/.bundle
ln -sf /var/www/rails-new/shared/log /var/www/rails-new/releases/20190616214752/log
ln -sf /var/www/rails-new/shared/node_modules /var/www/rails-new/releases/20190616214752/node_modules
ln -sf /var/www/rails-new/shared/public/assets /var/www/rails-new/releases/20190616214752/public/assets
• core:write_release_json
Writing 243 bytes to /var/www/rails-new/releases/20190616214752/.tomo_release.json
• bundler:install
cd /var/www/rails-new/releases/20190616214752 && bundle check --path /var/www/rails-new/shared/bundle
The Gemfile's dependencies are satisfied
• rails:db_migrate
cd /var/www/rails-new/releases/20190616214752 && bundle exec rails db:migrate
• rails:db_seed
cd /var/www/rails-new/releases/20190616214752 && bundle exec rails db:seed
• rails:assets_precompile
cd /var/www/rails-new/releases/20190616214752 && bundle exec rails assets:precompile
yarn install v1.16.0
[1/4] Resolving packages...
[2/4] Fetching packages...
info fsevents@1.2.9: The platform "linux" is incompatible with this module.
info "fsevents@1.2.9" is an optional dependency and failed compatibility check. Excluding it from installation.
[3/4] Linking dependencies...
warning " > webpack-dev-server@3.3.1" has unmet peer dependency "webpack@^4.0.0".
warning "webpack-dev-server > webpack-dev-middleware@3.7.0" has unmet peer dependency "webpack@^4.0.0".
[4/4] Building fresh packages...
Done in 27.71s.
I, [2019-06-16T21:48:36.682912 #36032]  INFO -- : Writing /var/www/rails-new/releases/20190616214752/public/assets/application-e3b0c44298fc1c149afbf4c8996fb92427ae41e4649b934ca495991b7852b855.css
I, [2019-06-16T21:48:36.683798 #36032]  INFO -- : Writing /var/www/rails-new/releases/20190616214752/public/assets/application-e3b0c44298fc1c149afbf4c8996fb92427ae41e4649b934ca495991b7852b855.css.gz
Compiled all packs in /var/www/rails-new/releases/20190616214752/public/packs
• core:symlink_current
ln -sf /var/www/rails-new/releases/20190616214752 /var/www/rails-new/current-9f36bc6f645ade90
mv -fT /var/www/rails-new/current-9f36bc6f645ade90 /var/www/rails-new/current
• puma:restart
cd /var/www/rails-new/current && bundle exec pumactl --control-url tcp:// --control-token tomo restart
Puma is not running. Starting it now.
cd /var/www/rails-new/current && bundle exec puma --daemon --control-url tcp:// --control-token tomo
Puma starting in single mode...
* Version 3.12.1 (ruby 2.6.3-p62), codename: Llamas in Pajamas
* Min threads: 5, max threads: 5
* Environment: production
* Daemonizing...
• core:clean_releases
readlink /var/www/rails-new/current
cd /var/www/rails-new/releases && ls -A1
• bundler:clean
cd /var/www/rails-new/releases/20190616214752 && bundle clean
• core:log_revision
Writing 100 bytes to /var/www/rails-new/revisions.log
✔ Deployed rails-new to deployer@localhost:32809